Article | . 2019 Vol. 37, Issue. 2
Photosynthesis, Productivity, and Mineral Content of Winter Radishes by Soil Type on Jeju Island



Research Institute of Climate Change and Agriculture, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science1
Department of Biology, Jeju National University2




2019.. 167:177


PDF XML




The photosynthesis, productivity, and mineral composition of radish (Raphanus sativus L. var. hortensis Backer) cultured in different types of soil on Jeju Island were investigated to evaluate soil-crop system management, with the goal of increasing the productivity and yield of high-quality crops. Vegetative growth, including the fresh and dry weights of shoots and roots, shoot length, leaf area, and root length and diameter, was greater; the soluble solid content of the root was high; and the root hardness was low in very dark-brown volcanic ash soil (VDBS) compared with radishes grown in black volcanic ash soil (BS) or dark-brown nonvolcanic ash soil (DBS). The maximum photochemical efficiency (Fv/Fm) of photosystem II yielded stable values of 0.8 or more in the three soil types, and the SPAD values did not differ significantly. The maximum photosynthetic rate (A) was higher in VDBS (15.9 μmol CO2·m-2·s-1) compared with BS (11.1 μmol CO2·m-2·s-1) and DBS (9.7 μmol CO2·m-2·s-1). These results suggest that VDBS favors the growth of radish crops. However, the T-N, P, K, Fe, Mn, Zn, and Cu contents were higher in the shoots and roots of radishes grown in DBS compared with BS or VDBS, suggesting that although the roots are small and hard, radishes grown in DBS have high nutritional quality and maintain hight guality during storage.



1. Akram NA, Noreen S, Noreen T, Ashraf M (2015) Exogenous application of trehalose alters growth, physiology and nutrient composition in radish ( L.) plants under water-deficit conditions. Braz J Bot 38:431-439. doi:10.1007/s40415-015-0149-7  

2. Gharib F, Ghazi S, Aly H, El-Araby M, Moustafa S (2016) Effect of soil type and water content on rosemary growth and essential oil yield. Int J Sci Eng Res 7:183-189  

3. Hur SO, Moon KH, Jung KH, Ha SK, Song KC, Lim HC, Kim GG (2006) Estimation model for simplification and validation of soil water characteristics curve on volcanic ash soil in subtropical area in Korea. Korean J Soil Sci Fert 39:329-333  

4. Hyun BK, Jug YT, Hyun GS, Moon KH, Song KC, Sonn YK, Zhang YS, Park CW, Hong SY, et al (2009) A study on the lava terraces with different elevation in Jeju. Korean J Soil Sci Fert 42:88-97  

5. Hyun HN (2011) Soil environment, a key to open up Jeju society and culture. Proceedings of 30th Anniversary International Symposium for the Korean Society of Environmental Agriculture, Jeju, Korea, 7-9 July, 2011, pp 3-20  

6. Karhu K, Mattila T, Bergström I, Regina K (2011) Biochar addition to agricultural soil increased CH4 uptake and water holding capacity - Results from a short term pilot field study. Agric Ecosys Environ 140:309-313. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2010.12.005  

7. Kim CB, Kim CY, Park M, Lee DH, Choi J (2000) Effect of chemical properties of cultivation soils on the plant growth and the quality of garlic. Korean J Soil Sci Fert 33:333-339  

8. Kim HR, Lee JH, Kim YS, Kim RM (2007) Chemical characteristics and enzyme activities of Icheon Ge-Geol radish, Gangwha turnip, and Korean radish. Korean J Food Sci Technol 39:255-259. doi:10.5851/kosfa.2007.27.3.255  

9. Kim S, Jo HB, Lee SO, Choi M (2010) The study of Application of Drought Index Using Measured Soil Moisture at KoFlux Tower. J Korean Soc Civil Eng 30:541-549  

10. Ko BH, Kim BS (2013) A study on supply and demand and price stabilization of the winter vegetables in Jeju. Research Report (2013-13), Jeju Developement Institute, Jeju, Korea  

11. Moon KH, Joa JH, Choi KS, Seo HH, Lim HC, Hyun HN (2011) Calibrating capacitance sensor for determining water content of volcanic-ash soils. Korean J Soil Sci Fert 44:331-336. doi:10.7745/KJSSF.2011.44.3.331  

12. National Academy of Agricultural Science (NAAS) (2010) Fertilization standard on crops. NAAS, Suwon, Korea  

13. National Academy of Agricultural Science (NAAS) (2014) Taxonomical Classification of Korean Soils. NAAS, Suwon, Korea  

14. National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology (NIAST) (2000) Analytical methods of soil and plant. NIAST, Rural Development Administration (RDA), Suwon, Korea  

15. Oh S, Koh SC (2015) Copper and zinc uptake capacity of a sorghum-sudangrass hybrid selected for in sity phytoremediation of soils polluted by heavy metals. J Environ Sci Int 24:1501-1511. doi:10.5322/JESI.2015.24.11.1501  

16. Oh S, Moon KH, Song EY, Son IC, Koh SC (2015) Photosynthesis of Chinese cabbage and radish in response to rising leaf temperature during spring. Hortic Environ Biotechnol 56:159-166. doi:10.1007/s13580-015-0122-1  

17. Oh S, Moon KH, Song EY, Son IC, Wi SH, Koh SC (2017) Impact of rising global temperatures on the growth, mineral composition, and photosynthesis of radish in a winter cropping system. Hortic Sci Technol 35:38-45. doi:10.12972/kjhst.2017.0005  

18. Rural Development Administration (RDA) (2002) Radish ( L.) cultivation technique. Standard farming textbook-126. Sammi Publishing Co., Suwon, Korea, p 177  

19. Sathiyavani E, Prabaharan NK, Surendar KK (2017) Role of mineral nutrition on root growth of crop plants. Int J Curr Microbiol App Sci 6:2810-2837. doi:10.20546/ijcmas.2017.604.324  

20. Song KC, Hyun BG, Moon KH, Jeon SJ, Lim HC, Lee SH (2010) Taxonomical classification and genesis of Jeju series in Jeju Island. Korean J Soil Sci Fert 43:230-236. doi:10.5338/KJEA.2010.29.1.020  

21. Song KC, Jung SJ, Hyun BK, Sonn YK, Kwak HK (2005) Classification and properties of Korean soils. In NIAST. Fruits and future prospects for soil survey in Korea. Suwon, Korea, pp 35-107  

22. Strasser BJ, Strasser RJ (1995) Measuring fast fluorescence transients to address environmental questions: The JIP test. In P Mathis, ed., Photosynthesis: From Light to Biosphere. Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, Netherlands, pp 977-980. doi:10.1007/978-94-009-0173-5_1142  

23. The Korean Nutrition Society (2005) Dietary Reference Intakes for Koreans. Seoul, Korea, pp 199-311  

24. Zha L, Liu W (2018) Effects of light quality, light intensity, and photoperiod on growth and yield of cherry radish grown under red plus blue LEDs. Hortic Environ Biotechnol 59:511-518. doi:10.1007/s13580-018-0048-5