Article | . 2019 Vol. 37, Issue. 1
Genetic Diversity and Population Structure Analysis of Ever-Bearing and June-Bearing Strawberry Cultivars Using SSR Markers

Highland Agricultural Research Institute, National Institute of Crop Science, RDA1

2019.. 108:118


This study was carried out to select simple sequence repeat markers (SSR), to identify a DNA profile database, and to analyze the population structure of 28 strawberry cultivars (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) including 22 cultivars of Ever-bearing and 6 of June-bearing strawberry types using SSR markers. We used 10 SSR markers to analyze the genetic diversity and population structure of 28 strawberry cultivars. A total 135 alleles were detected with an average of 13.5 per locus. The genetic diversity (1-D) of 28 strawberry cultivars ranged from 0.53 (EMFn226) to 0.89 (FxaHGA02P13), with an average of 0.79. Indices of evenness ranged from 0.57 to 0.83 (average 0.71). Analysis of the distribution of 28 strawberry genetic groups with different K values was performed. With K = 2, it was confirmed that the 28 strawberry genetic groups were divided into two. These 10 SSR makers will be useful to identify and differentiate between Ever-bearing and June-bearing strawberry cultivar.

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