Article | . 2018 Vol. 36, Issue. 5
Shoot Growth and Fruit Characteristics of ‘Yumi’ Peach in Response to Side Dressing with Fused Phosphate Fertilizer

Division of Horticulture Industry, Wonkwang University1
Fruit Research Division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science2

2018.. 630:639


This study was carried out to investigate shoot growth and fruit characteristics in 4-year-old ‘Yumi’ peach (Prunus persica) trees in response to various amounts of side dressing with fused phosphate fertilizer (phosphoric acid 17%, FPF) under soil cultivation. The amount of side dressing of FPF was set at 40% of a year’s supply, i.e., 132 g/tree FPF (P2O5 22.4 g/tree) and 22.4 g/tree for the control, 2× (44.9 g/tree), 4× (89.8 g/tree), and 6× (134.6 g/tree), which were supplied via three-split application at 15-day intervals. Shoot length at the fruit maturing stage decreased by 12–16% with increasing amounts of side dressing of FPF up to 6×. The mineral concentration in leaves did not change significantly with increasing levels of FPF. Available P2O5 and Mg contents in soil after fruit harvest were 3.0- and 1.8-fold higher under increasing FPF levels (up to 6×) compared to the control, respectively. Leaf SPAD values at the fruit maturing stage decreased with increasing FPF levels, whereas fruit length and width increased with increasing FPF levels. Fruit weights and hardness increased with increasing (up to 6×) amounts of FPF. Finally, free sugar concentrations increased with increasing FPF levels. Therefore, the application of large quantities of FPF via side dressing during early fruit growth can improve fruit quality in ‘Yumi’ peach under soil cultivation.

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