Article | . 2017 Vol. 35, Issue. 6
Fluorescence in situ Hybridization Karyotype Analysis of Seven Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC. Cultivars

Department of Life Sciences, Chromosome Research Institute, Sahmyook University1
Department of Plant Science, Plant Genomics and Breeding Institute, and Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Seoul National University,2
Forest Medicinal Resources Research Center, National Institute of Forest Science3

2017.. 784:792


Platycodon grandiflorum has long been cultivated for its medicinal properties and economic value, prompting crop improvement programs that have spurred the development of new cultivars. However, limited cytogenetic information is available for this species, especially for different P. grandiflorum cultivars. Karyotype analysis via fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) provides essential information about chromosome count and the localization of DNA sequences, thus providing a chromosome-level understanding of genome structure. Here, we carried out triple-color FISH karyotype analysis of various P. grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC. cultivars using 5S and 45S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and telomeric repeat probes. The karyotype is composed of 2n = 18 chromosomes consisting of seven pairs of metacentric chromosomes, one pair of submetacentric chromosomes, and one pair of subtelocentric chromosomes. The chromosome length ranges from 1.92 to 4.98 μm. One pair of 5S rDNA loci was observed on either the intercalary or pericentromeric regions of chromosome 3. All cultivars showed 45S rDNA signals on chromosome 9, and in two closely related cultivars, one additional pair of 5S rDNAs co-localized with these 45S rDNAs. Arabidopsis -type telomeric repeats were observed in most telomeric regions of the chromosomes in all seven cultivars. Our data lay the foundation for future cytogenetic studies of P. grandiflorum focusing on breeding and the elucidation of its genome structure.

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