Article | . 2017 Vol. 35, Issue. 4
Effect of Nutrient Solution Concentration in the Second Half of Growing Period on the Growth and Postharvest Quality of Leaf Lettuce L(actuca sativa L.) in a Deep Flow Technique System

National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, Rural Development Administrati1

2017.. 456:464


We examined the effect of nutrient solution concentration in the second half of growing period on the pre- and postharvest characteristics of two leaf lettuce cultivars, ‘Geokchima’ and ‘Cheongchima’. Plants were grown hydroponically in a deep flow technique (DFT) system at different concentrations of National Horticulture Research Institute hydroponic nutrient solution: ½ strength (S), 1S, 2S, and 4S. Lettuce leaf growth, number of leaves, and shoot fresh weight of both cultivars were greatest in plants grown in the 1S treatment. Compared to other treatments, pigment and nutrient ion contents were greater in the 4S treatment. Growth of lettuce was greatest in the 1S treatment, and decreased at higher or lower concentrations of nutrient solution. However, postharvest characteristics such as fresh weight loss, leaf chlorophyll level, and external appearance were better in both cultivars when grown in 2S solution. Variations in weight loss and SPAD values were smallest in the 2S treatment. These results show that the optimal nutrient concentration for growth does not necessarily provide the optimal postharvest storability.

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