Article | . 2017 Vol. 35, Issue. 3
Characterization of the Lsi1 Homologs in Cucurbita moschata and C. ficifolia for Breeding of Stock Cultivars Used for Bloomless Cucumber Production

Department of Horticultural Bioscience, Pusan National University1
Department of Life Science and Environmental Biochemistry, Pusan National University2
Life and Industry Convergence Research Institute, Pusan National University3

2017.. 333:343


Bloomless cucumber fruits are commercially produced by grafting onto the pumpkin stocks (Cucurbita moschata ) to restricted silicon (SiO2) absorption. Inhibition of silicon absorption in bloomless stocks is conferred by a mutant allele of the CmLsi1 homologous to Lsi1 in rice. In this study, we characterized the Lsi1 homologs in pumpkin (C. moschata ) and its coldtolerant wild relative C. ficifolia (‘Heukjong’) in order to develop a DNA marker for selecting a bloomless trait and to establish the molecular basis for breeding bloomless stock cultivars of C. ficifolia . A Cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence (CAPS) marker (CM1-CAPS) was designed based on a non-sysnonymous single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP, C>T) of the CmLsi1 mutant-type allele, and its applicability for Marker-assisted selection (MAS) was confirmed by evaluating three bloom and five bloomless pumpkin stock cultivars. Quantitative RT-PCR of the CmLsi1 for these stock cultivers implied that expression level of the CmLsi1 gene does not appear to be associated with the bloom/bloomless trait and may differ depending on plant species and tissues. A full length cDNA of the Lsi1 homolog [named CfLsi1 (B+)] of ‘Heukjong’ (C. ficifolia ), was cloned and sequence comparison between CmLsi1 (B+) and CfLsi1 (B+) revealed that there exists total 24 SNPs, of which three were non-synonymous. Phylogenetic analysis of CfLsi1 (B+) and Lsi1 homologs further revealed that CfLsi1 (B+) is closesly related to Nodulin 26-like intrinsic proteins (NIPs) and most similar to CpNIP1 of C. pepo than C. moschata .

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