Article | . 2017 Vol. 35, Issue. 2
Characterization of the Effects of Different Wavelengths of Night-break Lighting on the Fruit Quality and Yield of ‘Kyoho’ Grapes



Department of Integrative Plant Science, Chung-Ang University1
Fruit Research Division, National Institute of Horticultural &H erbal Science2




2017.. 170:177


PDF XML




This study was conducted to estimate the light pollution damage caused by night-break lighting in ‘Kyoho’ grapes. Night irradiation was performed every night for four hours (10 p.m. to 2 a.m.) from the full bloom to the harvest stage using red, blue, and white lamps as artificial light. Fruit yield, soluble solid content, anthocyanin content, and chlorophyll a content were affected by night irradiation. The soluble solid content of the control was 17.5 °Brix, approximately 1°Brix higher than the red (16.4°Brix), blue (16.2°Brix), and white light treated grapes (16.3°Brix). The anthocyanin content of the skin was also higher in the control at 4.08 μg·cm-2 compared to the red (3.14 μg·cm-2), blue (2.47 μg·cm-2), and white (2.82 μg·cm-2) light treated samples. On the other hand, the chlorophyll a content of the control was the lowest at 0.268 μg·cm-2 as compared with the red (0.339 μg·cm-2), blue (0.345 μg·cm-2), and white (0.372 μg·cm-2) light treated samples. Considering that higher soluble solid contents, higher accumulation of anthocyanin, and lower chlorophyll a contents are factors involved in fruit maturation, night irradiation may delay fruit maturation and red light treatment may result in decreased yield. Our results confirmed that night-break lighting regardless of the wavelength provoked light pollution in ‘Kyoho’ grapes. Therefore, fruit maturation may be poor in the presence of artificial light, including streetlamps, in neighboring vineyards.



1. Barritt BH, Rom CR, Guelich KR, Drake SR, Dilley MA (1991) Light level influences spur quality and canopy development and light interception influence fruit production in apple. Hort sci 26:993-999   

2. Downey MO, Dokoozlian NK, Krstic MP (2005) Cultural practice and environmental impacts on the flavonoid composition of grapes and wine: a review of recent research. Am J Enol Vitic 57:257-268   

3. Higuchi Y, Sumitomo K, Oda A, Shimizu H, Hisamatsu T (2012) Day light quality affects the night-break response in the short-day plant chrysanthemum, suggesting differential phytochrome-mediated regulation of flowering. J. Plant Physiol 169:1789-1796. doi:10.1016/j.jplph.2012.07.003   

4. Jung SK, Choi HS (2010) Light penetration, growth, and fruit productivity in ‘Fuji’ apple trees trained to four growing systems. SCI HORTIC 125:672-678. doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2010.05.027  

5. Kang HS, Park SH (2014) Development of lighting for the behavioral suppression of pests using the wavelength range of the specific LED. EASKO 6:47-57  

6.  Kim CG, Seo JH, Cho HS, Kim SJ, Hur IB (2001) Growth and Yield Responses of Soybean under Night Illumination at Different Growth Stages. Korean J. Crop Sci 46:478-482   

7. Kim CG, Cho HS, Seo JH, Choi SH, Pyon JY (2002a) Growth and Yield Response of Rice Cultivars to Different Night Illumination Intensities. Korean J. Crop Sci 47:471-474   

8. Kim CG, Seo JH, Cho HS, Kim SJ, Pyon JY (2002b) Effect of Night Illumination on Growth and Yield of Sesame and Perilla. KJAFM 4:80-85   

9. Kim JT (2004) The Causes and Measures of Light Pollution. Magazine of the SAREK 33:40-46   

10. Kim SH, Choi IM, Cho JG, Han JH, Hwang JH, Seo HH, Yun HK (2011) Correlation Analysis Between Fruit Quality of 'Campbell Early'Grapes and Climatic Factors. KJAFM 13:93-100. doi:10.5532/KJAFM.2011.13.2.093   

11. Kim YY, Kim CK, Kim SJ, Kang WB (2002c) Effect of Night Illumination on Growth and Grain Yield of Wheat and Barley. KJAFM 4:18-22  

12. Kim YJ, Yu DJ, Rho H, Runkle ES, Lee HJ, Kim KS (2015) Photosynthetic changes in Cymbidium orchids grown under different intensities of night interruption lighting. SCI HORTIC 186:124-128. doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2015.01.036   

13. Koeppen BH, Basson DS (1966) The anthocyanin pigments of Barlinka grapes. Phytochemistry 5:183-187. doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(00)85097-9  

14. Kondo S, Tomiyama H, Rodyoung A, Okawa K, Ohara H, Sugaya S, Hirai N (2014) Abscisic acid metabolism and anthocyanin synthesis in grape skin are affected by light emitting diode (LED) irradiation at night. J. Plant Physiol 171:823-829. doi:10.1016/ j.jplph.2014.01.001   

15. Kwon YS, Choi SY, Kil MJ, You BS, Jung JA, Park SK (2013) Effect of night break treatment using Red LED (660 nm) on flower bud initiation and growth characteristics of chrysanthemum cv.'Baekma', and cv.'Jinba'. KJOAS 40:297-303. doi:10.7744/cnujas.2013.40.4.297  

16. Lieten F (1997) Effects of chilling and night-break treatment on greenhouse production of ‘Elsanta’. Acta Hort 439,633-640.doi:10.17660/ActaHortic.1997.439.105   

17. Mølmann JA, Steindal AL, Bengtsson GB, Seljåsen R, Lea P, Skaret J, Johansen TJ (2015). Effects of temperature and photoperiod on sensory quality and contents of glucosinolates, flavonols and vitamin C in broccoli florets. Food chem. 172:47-55. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.09.015   

18. Park YG, Jeong BR, Hwang SJ (2012) Growth and anthocyanin content of lettuce as affected by artificial light source and photoperiod in a closed-type plant production system. Korean J Hortic Sci Technol 30:673-679. doi:10.7235/hort.2012.12020   

19. Park YJ, Kim YJ, Kim KS (2013) Vegetative growth and flowering of Dianthus, Zinnia, and Pelargonium as affected by night interruption at different timings. Hort. Environ. Biotechnol. 54:236-242. doi:10.1007/s13580-013-0012-3   

20. Shimoda M, Honda KI (2013) Insect reactions to light and its applications to pest management. Jpn J Appl Entomol Zool 48:413-421.doi:10.1007/s13355-013-0219-x  

21. Song JH, Kang IK, Choi DG (2014) Light Conditions and Characteristics of Leaves and Fruit at Different Canopy Positions in Slenderspindle ‘Hongro’Apple Trees. Korean J Hortic Sci Technol 32:440-447. doi:10.7235/hort.2014.13169   

22. Trouwborst G, Oosterkamp J, Hogewoning SW, Harbinson J, Van Ieperen W (2010) The responses of light interception,photosynthesis and fruit yield of cucumber to LED‐lighting within the canopy. Physiol Plant. 138:289-300. doi:10.1111/j.1399- 3054.2009.01333.x