Article | . 2017 Vol. 35, Issue. 2
A Review of the Scientific Names of Chinese Cabbage according to the International Codes of Nomenclature

Department of Horticulture, Chungnam National University1
College of Horticulture, Shenyang Agricultural University2
Facilities and Management Division, National Science Museum3
National Agrobiodiversity Center, National Institute of Agricultural Science4
National Agrobiodiversity Center, National Institute of Agricultural Science5
Department of Horticultural Crop Research, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science6
Seobu Branch Office, Korea Seed &Variety Service7
ReSEAT program, Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information8
National Park Research Institute, Korea National Park9

2017.. 165:169


We organized the scientific names of Chinese cabbage according to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN) and the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP). We found that the subspecies name ‘Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis (Lour.) Rupr.’ was suitable as the scientific name for Chinese cabbage, and we classified B. rapa var. glabra Regel. as its synonym. In addition, B. petsai Bailey is an ‘unrecorded name’ not found in the original description, and therefore is not suitable for use. We conclude that all names based on this name are ‘invalid names’, and should not be used.

1. Al-Shehbaz IA, Aria K, Ohba H (2006a) Cruciferae. In Flora of Japan, Vol 2a. Iwatsuki K, Boufford DE, Ohba H, eds, Kodansha Ltd.,Tokyo, Japan.  

2. Al-Shehbaz IA, Beilstein M, Kellogg EA (2006b) Systematic and phylogeny of the ceae (Cruciferae): an overview. Pl Syst Evol 259:89-120. doi:10.1007/s00606-006-0415-z  

3. Brickell CD, Alexander C, David JC, Hetterscheid WLA, Leslie AC, Malecot V, Jin X, Cubey JJ (2009) International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plant, Ed 8, Drukkerij Geers, Gent-Oostakker, Belgium.  

4. Chang CS, Kim H, Chang KS (2014) Provisional Checklist of Vascular Plants for the Korea Peninsula Flora (KPF). Designpost, Paju, Korea.  

5. Cho EG (2009) Crop Germplasm Catalogue: Vegetable Crops. Ed 8, National Academy of Agricultural Science Rural Development Administraion, Suwon, Korea.   

6. Chun JH, Kim NH, Seo MS, Jin M, Park SU, Arasu MV, Kim SJ, Al-Dhabi NA (2016) Molecular characterization of glucosinolates and carotenoid biosynthetic genes in Chinese cabbage ( rapa L. ssp. ). Saudi J Biol Sci in press. doi: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2016.04.004   

7. Chung SJ, Kim WS, Cha GH, Han TH, Kim HG, Oh SO, Choi HG, Kim GJ (2004) Flora of Horticultural and Crop Plants in Korea.Chonnam National Univrsity, Gwangju, Korea.  

8. Chung TH, Do BS, Lee DB, Lee FJ (1937) Nominia Plantarum Koreanum. Chosen Natural History Society, Seoul, Korea.  

9. Hanelt PH (1986) in Mansfeld R Verz Landwirtsch Gä rtn Kulturpfl, ed 2, Akademie-Verlag, Berlin, Germany.  

10. Hokche O, Berry PE, Huber O (2008) Nuevo Catá logo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela. Nuevo Cat Fl Vasc Venez 1–859.  

11. Jørgensen PM, Nee MH, Beck SG (2014) Catá logo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia, Monogr Syst Bot Missouri Bot Gard 127:1–8.  

12. Lee SG (2016) Impacts of climate change on the growth, morphological and physiological responses, and yield of Kimchi cabbage leaves. Hortic Environ Biotechnol 57:470-477. doi: 10.1007/s13580-016-1163-9  

13. Lee TB (1980) Illustrated Flora of Korea. Hyangmunsa, Seoul, Korea.   

14. Lee TB (2003) Coloured Flora of Korea. Hyangmunsa, Seoul, Korea.   

15. Lee WT (1996) Lineamenta Florae Korea. Academy Book, Seoul, Korea.   

16. Lee YN (2006) New Flora of Korea. Kyohaksa, Seoul, Korea.   

17. Loureiro J (1790) Flora cochinchinensis, vol 2. Ulyssipone, Lisbon, Portugal.   

18. Makino T (1932) A contribution to the knowledge of the flora of Nippon J Jap Bot 8:6-10.   

19. Mansfeld R (1986) Verzeichnis landwirtschaftlicher und gä rtnerischer Kulturpflanzen (ohne Zierpflanzen), Aufl 2. Springer-Verla Berlin, Germany.  

20. McNeill J, Barrie FR, Buck WR, Demoulin V, Greuter W, Hawksworth DL, Herendeen PS, Knapp S, Marhold K, Prado J (2012) International Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi, and Plants (Melbourne Code). Regnum Vegetabile 154. Koeltz Scientific Books, Oberreifenberg, Germany.   

21. Nelson CH (2008) Secretarí a de Recursos Naturales y Ambiente, Tegucigalpa. Cat Pl Vasc Honduras 1–1576.   

22. Oh BU (2007a) ceae. In A Synonymic List of Vascular Plants in Korea. Korea National Arboretum and The Plant Toxonomic Society of Korea. Korea National Arboretum, Pocheon. Korea. pp. 97–105.   

23. Oh BU (2007b) ceae. In The Genera of Vascular Plants of Korea. Flora of Korea Editorial Committee ed, Academic Publishing Co., Seoul, Korea. pp. 427–461.   

24. Oh S, Moon KH, Song EY, Son IC, Koh SC (2015) Photosynthesis of chinese cabbage and radish in response to rising leaf temperature during spring. Hort Environ Biotechnol 56:159-166. doi: 10.1007/s13580-015-0122-1   

25. Olsson G (1954) Crosses within the campestris group of the genus . Hereditas (Lund) 40:398-418. doi: 10.1111/j.1601- 5223.1954.tb02979.x   

26. Rollins RC (1993) The Cruciferae of Continental North America. Stanford University Press, Stanford, United States of America.  

27. Ruprecht FJ (1860) Flora Ingrica. Academiae, St. Petersburg, Russia.  

28. Stevens WD, Ulloa C, Pool A, Montiel OM (2001) Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr Syst Bot Missouri Bot Gard 85:1-42.  

29. Sun VG (1946) The evaluation of taxonomic characters of cultivated with a key to species and varieties-1. The characters Bull Torrey Bot Club 73:244-281. doi: 10.2307/2481549  

30. Tan HW, Song XM, Duan WK, Wang Y, Hou XL (2015) Genome-wide analysis of the SBP-box gene family in Chinese cabbage ( rapa subsp. ). Genome 58:463-477. doi: 10.1139/gen-2015-0074  

31. Tsunoda S, Hinata K, Gomez-Campo C (1980) Crops and Wild Allies, Biology and Breeding. Japan Scientific Societies Press, Tokyo, Japan.   

32. Warwick SI, Francis A, Al-Shehbaz IA (2006) ceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom. Pl Syst Evol 259:249-258. doi:10.1007/s00606-006-0422-0  

33. Yang J, Liu D, Wang X, Ji C, F Cheng, Liu B, Hu Z, Chen S, Pental D, Ju Y, Yao P, Li X, Xie K, Zhang J, Wang J, Liu F, Ma W, Shopan J, Zheng H, Mackenzi SA, Zhang M (2016) The genome sequence of allopolyploid and analysis of differential homoeolog gene expression influencing selection. Nat Genet 48:1225-1232. doi: 10.1038/ng.3657   

34. Zhang J, Yuan H, Fei Z, Pogson BJ, Zhang L, Li L (2015) Molecular characterization and transcriptome analysis of orange head Chinese cabbage ( rapa L. ssp. ). Planta 241:1381-1394. doi: 10.1007/s00425-015-2262-z   

35. Zhou TY, Lu LL, Yang G, Al-Shehbaz IA (2001) ceae (Cruciferae). In Flora of China, Vol 8. Wu ZY, Raven PH, eds, Science Press, Beijing, China and Missouri Botanical Garden, St Louis, United States America. pp. 1-193.