Article | . 2016 Vol. 34, Issue. 6
Breeding of ‘Joyskin’ Pear as fruit for Eating with the Skin



Pear Research Institute, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration,1
R&D Coordination Division, Rural Development Administration2




2016.. 959:965


PDF XML




In 1994, a new cultivar ‘Joyskin’ was created from a cross between the cultivars ‘Whangkeumbae’ and ‘Waseaka’ at the Pear Research Institute of the National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration. In 2006, the ‘Joyskin’ was selected from among the 317 seedlings resulting from the cross for its skin and taste qualities. Regional adaptation tests were conducted in nine regions and in ten experimental plots from 2006 to 2011. The cultivar was named in 2011. ‘Joyskin’ showed a vigorous growth habit and semi-spread characteristics similar to ‘Whangkeumbae’. The average full bloom date for ‘Joyskin’ was April 21st, which was also similar to ‘Whangkeumbae’. The optimum fruit ripening time was September 6-8th, which was six or eight days earlier than ‘Whangkeumbae’. The fruit was round in shape and the skin was a golden yellow color at maturity. The average fruit weight was 320 g and the flesh firmness was 2.5 kg/8mmφ. The firmness of the fruit skin determined by a blade-type plunger of texture analyzer was 22.9 N, which was significantly different from that of ‘Whangkeumbae’ 29.9N. Stone cell analysis of ‘Joyskin’ by phloroglucinol-HCl, showed that ‘Joyskin’ stone cells were small in size and few in numbers cpmpared to those of cultivars of was ‘Manpungbae’, ‘Niitaka’, and ‘Whangkeumbae’. The patent application for ‘Joyskin’ was submitted in April, 2012 (Grant No. 2012-337). In 2016, ‘Joyskin’ (Grant No. 5895) was registered as a separate record, with uniformity and stability per Korean Seed Industry Law.



1.   

2.   

3.   

4.   

5.   

6.   

7.   

8.   

9.   

10.   

11.   

12.   

13.   

14.   

15.   

16.