Article | . 2016 Vol. 34, Issue. 6
The Regulation of Sugar Metabolism in Huangguan Pears (Pyrus pyrifolia Nakai) with Edible Coatings of Calcium or Pullulan during Cold Storage



School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University1




2016.. 889:911


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Sugars play many important roles in plant metabolism and directly influence fruit quality. The effects of two edible coatings, 2% calcium chloride and 1% pullulan, on sugar metabolism in postharvest Huangguan pear fruit were investigated during cold storage. The respiration rate, sugar content and composition, sucrose metabolism enzyme activities [acid invertase (AIV), neutral invertase (NI), sucrose synthase (SS), and sucrose phosphate synthase (SPS)] and expression of the AIV gene were analyzed during storage at 0°C for 210 days. Coating treatments slowed the decrease of sucrose and hexose, the respiration rate, and the activities of AIV, NI, SS and SPS, thus maintaining high total soluble solids (TSS) and titratable acid (TA) contents in the fruit. There were no significant differences in AIV expression or activity between the treated and control groups of fruits. Both of the coatings could inhibit the activities of sucrose-cleaving enzymes, thus slowing the decrease of sugar content and maintaining high fruit quality during cold storage.



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