Article | 8. 2016 Vol. 34, Issue. 4
Dissipation Pattern of a Fungicide Mandipropamid in Korean Cabbage at Different Harvest Times under Greenhouse Conditions



Department of Herbal Medicine Resource, Kangwon National University1
Department of Biology, University of Texas-Arlington2
Food Standard Division, Ministry of Food and Drug Safety3
Department of Horticultural Science, Kyungpook National University4
Division of Life and Environmental Science, Daegu University5




2016.8. 644:654


PDF XML




Supervised residue trials for mandipropamid in Korean cabbage(Brassica campestris L.) were conducted to establish its pre-harvest residue limit (PHRL), a criterion to ensure the safety of the terminal pesticide residue during cabbage production. Tissues of Korean cabbage were collected at 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, and 10 days after mandipropamid application and subjected to residue analysis. The analytical method was validated by recoveries ranging from 88.2-92.2% at two levels (0.4 and 2.0 mg·kg-1), and a limit of quantitation (LOQ) of 0.04 mg·kg-1. Mandipropamid residues in Korean cabbage gradually decreased over time. The dissipation rate of the residue would be affected by intrinsic degradation of the compound along with dilution resulting from the fast growth of Korean cabbage. The decay pattern was well fitted by simple first-order kinetics. Biological half-lives of mandipropamid in Korean cabbage ranged from 3.9-4.0 days in two field conditions. Calculated by the regression curve of mandipropamid dissipation, the PHRLs of mandipropamid in Korean cabbage were recommended as 11.07-12.19 and 5.76-6.05 mg·kg-1 for 10 and 5 days prior to harvest, respectively.



1. Ahn KG, Kim GH, Kim GP, Hwang YS, Hong SB, Lee YD, Choung MG (2015) Determination of quintozene residues in agricultural commodities using GC-ECD/MS. Korean J Pestic Sci 19:195-203. doi:10.7585/kjps.2015.19.3.195  

2. Chae YA, Lee YM, Ku JO (1981) Biological Statistics. Jeongminsa, Seoul, Korea, pp 82-112  

3. Choi KI, Seong KY, Jeong TK, Hur JH, Ko KY, Lee KS (2002) Dissipation and removal rate of dichlorofluanid and iprodione residue on greenhouse cherry tomato. Korean J Environ Agric 21:231-236. doi:10.5338/KJEA.2002.21.4.231  

4. Codex Alimentarius Commission (2003) Guidelines on Good Laboratory Practice in Residue Analysis. Rome, Italy  

5. Gomez KA, Gomex AA (1984) Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, 2nd ed. Wiley, New York, USA, pp 236-357  

6. Hill BD Inaba DJ (1990) Fate and persistence of residues on wheat used to explain efficacy differences between suspension concentrate and emulsifiable concentrate formulations. Korean J Pestic Sci 29:57-66. doi:10.1002/ps.2780290108  

7. Hwang KW, Kim TW, Yoo JH, Park BS, Moon JK (2012) Dissipation pattern of amisulbrom in cucumber under greenhouse condition for establishing pre-harvest residue limit. Korean J Pestic Sci 16:288-293. doi:10.7585/kjps.2012.16.4.288  

8. Jeong YH, Kim JU, Kim JH, Lee YD, Lim CH, Hu JH (2004) Modern pesticide. Sigma-press, Korea, pp 5, 339-342  

9. Kim SW, Lee EM, Yang L, Park HW, Lee HR, Riu MJ, Na YR, Noh JE, Keum YS, Song HH, et al (2009) Establishment of Pre-Harvest Residue Limit(PHRL) of insecticide bifenthrin during cultivation of grape. Korean J Pestic Sci 3:241-248  

10. Kim YS, Park JH, Park JW, Lee YD, Lee KS, Kim JE (2002) Persistence and dislodgeble residues of chlorpyrifos and procymidone in lettuce leaves under greenhouse condition. Korean J Environ Agric 21:149-155. doi:10.5338/KJEA.2002.21.2.149  

11. Ko KY, Lee YJ, Won DJ, Park HJ, Lee KS (2003) Residual pattern of procymidone and bifenthrin in perilla leaf during cultivating and storage. Korean J Environ Agric 22:47-52. doi:10.5338/KJEA.2003.22.1.047  

12. Korea Crop Protection Association (2014) Using guideline of crop protection agents. Korea, pp 97  

13. Lee JH, Park HW, Keum YS, Kwon CH, Lee YD, Kim JH (2008) Dissipation pattern of boscalid in cucumber under greenhouse condition. Korean J Pestic Sci 12:67-73  

14. Lee YD (2009) Pesticide Analytical Residues Manual in Food Code. NiFDS, Korea, pp 78-80  

15. Marin A, Oliva J, Garcia C, Navarro S, Barba A (2003) Dissipation rates of cyprodinil and fludioxonil in lettuce and table grape in the field and under cold storage conditions. J Agric Food Chem 51:4708-4711. doi:10.1021/jf021222e  

16. Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (2014) Korea Food Code. MFDS, Korea   

17. Park CJ, Lee YD (2003) Persistence of the fungicide boscalid in grapes and strawberries. Life Sci Res 2:9-16  

18. Seong KY, Choi KI, Jeong MH, Hur JH, Kim JG, Lee KS (2004) Residue and half-lives of bitertanol and tebuconazole in greenhouse-grown pepper. J Korean Soc Appl Biol Chem 47:113-119   

19. United States Environmental Protection Agency (2008) Pesticide Fact Sheet for mandipropamid. US EPA, Washington D.C., USA