Article | 8. 2016 Vol. 34, Issue. 4
Comparison of the Chemical Properties of Soil and the Main Components of the Southern Ecotype Garlic Cultivar Cultivated in the Volcanic or Nonvolcanic Ash Soil of Jeju Island

College of Applied Life Sciences, SARI, Jeju National University1
The Research Institute for Subtropical Agriculture and Biotechnology, Jeju National University2

2016.8. 549:556


In this study, we analyzed and compared the constituents of Southern ecotype garlic cultivars, Namdo and Daeseo garlic, cultivated in volcanic and non-volcanic ash soil in Jeju Island and compared the soil properties in these regions. The volcanic ash soil in which Namdo garlic grew had higher electrical conductivity and more available sulfur, whereas the volcanic ash soil in which Daeseo garlic was cultivated had a higher amount of organic matter and total nitrogen. Also, non-volcanic ash soil in which Namdo garlic was cultivated had higher levels of available phosphorous. Namdo garlic cultivated in volcanic ash soil had high levels of total soluble solids and a high allicin content and Daeseo garlic exhibited a higher reducing sugar content. Furthermore, amongst the macroelements found in garlic grown on Jeju Island, potassium was highest, followed by sulfur, magnesium, calcium, and sodium. Iron was the most abundant micronutrient, followed by zinc, manganese, and copper. These results will be of interest to farmers aiming to cultivate high-quality garlic.

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