Article | 06. 2016 Vol. 34, Issue. 3
Comparison of Growth and Fruit Setting Characteristics for Selecting the Optimum Winter-Planted Paprika Cultivars

Department of Horticulture, Kangwon National University1
Department of Controlled Agriculture, Kangwon National University2
Agriculture and Life Sciences Research Institute, Kangwon National University3

2016.06. 424:432


This experiment was carried out to compare growth and fruit setting characteristics in ten winter-planted paprika (Capsicim annuum L.) cultivars. Five red line paprika cultivars (‘Maduro’, ‘Maranello’, ‘Nagano’, ‘Sirocco’ and ‘Special’) and five yellow line paprika cultivars (‘Coletti’, ‘Sven’, ‘Thialf’, ‘Volante’ and ‘Zagato’) were used for this study. The experiment was performed for 42 weeks, from winter of 2013 to autumn of 2014. Based on the growth stages of paprika, growth characteristics were investigated six times, and each investigation was categorized from group 1 through group 6. The relative internode ratio showed a normal range at the early growth stage, but tended to gradually decline as growth progressed. This trend was greater in red line paprika than in yellow line paprika. Among the cultivars used for this experiment, ‘Special’ and ‘Zagato’ showed growth inhibition, whereas ‘Maranello’ and ‘Volante’ kept a balanced growth during summer cultivation. The fruit set percentage in yellow paprika was 10.8% higher than in red paprika, while the number of branches in yellow paprika was 4.1% less than in red paprika. When measured after the full fruiting age, from June to July, the number of fruit set in group 4 was much lower in ‘Sirocco’ and ‘Coletti’ than in any of the other cultivars, indicating that they were more sensitive to the growth environment during the rainy season. These findings suggest that ‘Maranello’, ‘Nagano’, ‘Sven’, ‘Thialf’, and ‘Volante’ could be effectively used for summer cultivation in a high-plastic-film greenhouse, and ‘Maranello’, ‘Special’, ‘Volante’, and ‘Zagato’ could be good candidates for a low-plastic-film greenhouse.

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