Article | 10. 2015 Vol. 33, Issue. 5
Comparison of Plant Growth, Dormancy Breaking, Yield, and Biological Activities of Extracts in Four Asparagus Cultivars

Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, Kyungpook National University1
Naju Foundation of Natural Dyeing Culture2
Department of Horticulture Industry, College of Life Science and Resource, Wonkwang University3
Institute of Life Science and Natural Resources, Wonkwang University4

2015.10. 796:804


The present study investigated the plant growth characteristics, dormancy breaking, yield, and biological activity properties (contents of flavonoid and phenolic compounds, nitrite scavenging activity, and the survival rate of lung cancer) of four asparagus cultivars. It aimed to examine selection possibilities for high efficacy cultivar to promote biological activity in asparagus cultivation in South Korea. The results showed that the number of asparagus buds and root fresh and dry weight of ‘Jersey Giant’, ‘Jersey Supreme’, and ‘NJ953’ were higher than those of ‘UC157’ cultivar, and there were no differences in the number of roots. The dormancy breaking period of ‘Jersey Supreme’ was prolonged compared to the other cultivars. ‘Jersey Giant’ and ‘NJ953’ had more total spears, and greater spear diameter, and yield than other cultivars. Total flavonoid content was unaffected by cultivar and was higher in ethanol extraction than in hot water extraction. Total phenolic compound content was the lowest in ‘NJ953’ for both hot water and ethanol extracts, whereas in the ethanol extraction, ‘UC157’ had the highest, with 39.23 mg・L-1. ‘Jersey Giant’, ‘Jersey Supreme’, and ‘NJ953’ all showed greater than 70% nitrite scavenging activity. In the case of ethanol extraction, the survival rates of lung cancer in extracts from ‘Jersey Giant’, ‘Jersey Supreme’, and ‘UC157’ were lower than ‘NJ 953’ cultivar, regardless of extraction concentration. The survival rate of lung cancer was lower in hot water extraction than in ethanol extraction, so that the consumption of asparagus is also expected to be helpful in preventing lung cancer. The growth characteristics and biological activity effects of edible asparagus that were identified in the present study are expected to be useful in selection of high efficacy cultivars for biological activity and utilization.

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