Article | 10. 2015 Vol. 33, Issue. 5
Breeding of Garden Chrysanthemum Cultivar ‘Nuri Ball’ (Dendranthema grandiflorum Ramat.) with White Color Petals and Semi-Decorative Type Characteristics

Yesan Chrysanthemum Experiment Station, Chungcheongnam-do Agricultural Research & Extension Services1
Chungcheongnam-do Agricultural Research and Extension Services2
Gyeonggi-do Agricultural Research and Extension Services3
National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration4

2015.10. 789:795


The new garden chrysanthemum (Dendranthema grandiflorum Ramat.) cultivar ‘Nuri Ball’ was developed at Yesan Chrysanthemum Experiment Station of Chungcheongnam-do Agricultural Research and Extension Services in 2011. ‘Nuri Ball’ was bred through a cross between the ‘02-145-01’ line as the female parent with yellow flower color and ‘02-04-32’ as the male plant with white flower color in 2004. Three years of adaptation trials were conducted from 2006 to 2009 under natural conditions. This study compared the external shape type with that of ‘White Miri’ and conducted ploidy and RAPD (Random amplified polymorphic DNA) marker analyses. These tests showed that ‘Nuri Ball’ cultivar has its own characteristics compared with the control ‘White Miri’. ‘Nuri Ball’ was a shrub type variety with semi-double flowers of 4.0 cm in width with white petals. It could produce 1025.2 flowers per plant in autumn. Compared with the control ‘White Miri’, ‘Nuri Ball’ was similar in terms of shape and color of flowers, but was different in flower size and number. The natural flowering time of ‘Nuri Ball’ was late September. It had very vigorous growth and an early budding plant. ‘Nuri Ball’ was demonstrated to be a new cultivar based on ploidy test and RAPD analysis. ‘Nuri Ball’ is intended for use as a bed chrysanthemum and expected to contribute to farm incomes in landscaping.

1. Cheong, D.C., C.H. Choi, Y.J. Song, H.C. Lim, J.M. Kim, J.J. Lee, and J.S. Lee. 2012. A new cultivar of gypsophila paniculata ‘Double Shine’ with bright colored flower and strong stem. Kor. J. Hort. Sci. Technol. 30:93-96.  

2. Jung, Y.K., J.W. Lim, and S.D. Lee. 2012. New yellow single chrysanthemum ‘My Sun’ for pot plant. Kor. J. Hort. Sci. Technol. 30:325-328.  

3. Kim, J.Y., M.I. Jeong, B.H. Kim, J.Y. Ko, Y.H. Om, T.S. Kwak, and H.K. Shin. 1998. Selection of early flowering chrysanthemum cultivars with yellow color as for bed of September. Korean J. Breed. Sci. 30:68. (Abstr.)  

4. Kim, D.C. and J.S. Lee. 2012. Main varieties and outlook for garden mum. Flower Agric. Mag. 71:88-89.  

5. Korea Seed and Variety Service (KSVS). 2008. The guidelines of characteristics for application and registration of new varieties in flower. KSVS, Anyang, Korea. protection/system/inquiry_02.jsp.   

6. Ministry for Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA). 2013. Current status of flower cultivation. MAFRA, Sejong, Korea. p. 9-393.  

7. National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology (NIAST). 2003. Fertilizer application standard for crops. NIAST, Suwon, Korea. p. 140.  

8. National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science (NIHHS). 2013. Discussion data of duty breed for selection on new cultivar. NIHHS, Suwon, Korea. p. 5-185.  

9. Park, H.T., C.Y. Kang, and Y.G. Park. 2003. Analize the investment fasibility efficiency of nurtrient production facility. Rural Econ. 26:1-13.  

10. Royal Horticultural Society (RHS). 2001. Royal horticultural society colour chart. RHS, London, UK.  

11. Rural Development Administration (RDA). 2001. Flower breeding techniques. RDA, Suwon, Korea. p. 65-100.  

12. Rural Development Administration (RDA). 2002. Chrysanthemum cultivation. RDA, Suwon, Korea. p. 25-237.  

13. Rural Development Administration (RDA). 2003. Manual for agricultural investigation. RDA, Suwon, Korea. p. 683-755.  

14. Shin, H.K. 2013. Achievements and prospects of flower breeding in Korea. Kor. J. Hort. Sci. Technol. 31:41. (Abstr.)  

15. Williams, J.G.K., A.R. Kubelik, K.J. Livak, J.A. Rafalski, and S.V. Tingey. 1990. DNA polymorphisms amplified by arbitrary primers are useful as genetic marker. Nucleic Acids Res. 18:6531-6535.  

16. Yesan Chrysanthemum Experiment Station (YCES). 2014. Story of chrysantnemum. YCES, Yesan, Korea. p. 119-121.