Article | 10. 2015 Vol. 33, Issue. 5
Effects of Ethylene Treatment on Postharvest Quality of Astringent persimmon ‘Cheongdo-bansi’

National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA1
Division of Plant Resources, Chungnam National University2
Research Institute of International Agriculture, Technology and information, Hankyong National University3

2015.10. 668:674


This study was conducted to investigate the optimum storage temperature and the effect of ethylene on the postharvest quality of astringent persimmon (Diospyros kaki L) ‘Cheongdobansi’ fruits. We treated fruits with 10 μL・L-1 ethylene at 20, 15 and 10°C. Our results indicated that higher storage temperature rapidly reduced firmness and astringency. The soft persimmon fruits stored at 15°C showed the best quality relative to the fruits stored at 20°C and 10°C. Our findings also showed that ethylene generators, which are sold on the market, can effectively induce persimmons to soften in plastic film.

1. Grierson, D. and G.A. Tucker. 1983. Timing of ethylene and polygalacturonase synthesis in relation to the control of tomato fruit ripening. Planta 157:174-179.  

2. Hyodo, H. and R. Fukasawa. 1985. Ethylene production in kiwifruit. J. Jpn. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 54:209-215.  

3. Koh, Y.J., J.G. Lee, J.S. Hur, and J.S. Jung, 2003. Effect of ripening temperatures on incidences of postharvest fruit rots of kiwifruits. Res. Plant Dis. 9:201-204.  

4. Lee, S.K. and R.E. Young. 1984. Temperature sensitivity of avocado fruit in relation to ethylene treatment. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 109: 689-692.  

5. Lim, B.S., C.S. Lee, S.T. Choi, Y.B. Kim, J.C. Lee, and Y.S. Hwang. 1996. Effect of ethephon treatment on the maturation of plum fruits (Prunus salisina L.) and changes of the quality as affected by storage conditions. Korean J. Post-Harvest Sci. Technol. Agric. Products 3:155-170.   

6. Lim, B.S., Y.M. Park, Y.S. Hwang, G.R. Do, and K.H. Kim. 2009. Influence of ethylene and 1-methylcyclopropene treatment on the storage quality of ‘Hongro’ apples. Kor. J. Hort. Sci. Technol. 27:607-611.  

7. Oh, S.Y., B.S. Lim, J.W. Lee, and K.R. Do. 2007. 1-Methylcyclopropene increases the shelf-life of ‘Ooishiwase’ plum (Prunus salicina L.). Kor. J. Hort. Sci. Technol. 25:369-374.  

8. Park, S.J., D.S. Chung, S.S. Hong, and Y.B. Kim. 1998. Application of a simple ethylene generating kit for removal of astringency and softening of persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.) J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 39:727-731.  

9. Park, S.J., S.S. Hong, and C.S. Lee. 2000. Softening of astringent persimmon (Diospyros Kaki Thunb.) as affected by harvest time, temperature, and ethephon treatment. Kor. J. Sci. Hort. Sci. Technol. 18:395-398.  

10. Park, Y.M. and Y. J. Lee. 2006. Ripening responses and quality changes of ‘Fuyu’ persimmon fruit as influenced by exogenous ethylene and subsequent short-term storage temperature. Kor. J. Hort. Sci. Technol. 24:216-221.  

11. Park, Y.S., S.T. Jung, and S. Gorinstein. 2006. Ethylene treatment of ‘Hayward’ kiwifruits (Actinidia deliciosa) during ripening and its influence on ethylene biosynthesis and antioxidant activity. Sci. Hortic. 108:22-28.  

12. Riov, J. and S.F. Yang. 1982. Effects of exogenous ethylene on ethylene production in citrus leaf tissue. Plant Physiol. 70:136-141.   

13. Taira, S., H. Itamura. K. Abe, K. Ooi, and S. Watanable. 1990. Effect of harvest maturity on removal of astringency in Japanese persimmon (Diospyros Kaki Thunb.), ‘Hiratanenashi’ fruits. J. Jpn. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 58:813-818.