Department of Agricultural Biotechnology and Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University1
Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University2
Pear Research Station, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration3
We determined the total C and N stocks in trees and soils after 1 year of fertilization in an experimental orchard with 16-year-old ‘Niitaka’ pear (Pyrus pyrifolia Nakai cv. Niitaka) trees planted at 5.0 m × 3.0 m spacing on a Tatura trellis system. Pear trees were fertilized at the rate of 200 kg N, 130 kg P and 180 kg K ha-1. At the sampling time (August 2013), trees were uprooted, separated into six fractions [trunk, main branches, lateral branches (including shoots), leaves, fruit, and roots] and analyzed for their total C and N concentrations and dry masses. Soil samples were collected from 0 to 0.6 m in 0.1 m intervals at 0.5 m from the trunk, air-dried, passed through a 2-mm sieve, and analyzed for total C and N concentrations. Undisturbed soil core samples were also taken to determine the bulk density. Dry mass per tree was 5.6 kg for trunk, 12.0 kg for main branches, 15.7 kg for lateral branches, 5.7 kg for leaves, 9.8 kg for fruits, and 10.5 kg for roots. Total amounts of C and N per tree were respectively 2.6 and 0.02 kg for trunk, 5.5 and 0.04 kg for main branches, 7.2 and 0.07 kg for lateral branches, 2.6 and 0.11 kg for leaves, 4.0 and 0.03 kg for fruit, and 4.8 and 0.05 kg for roots. Carbon and N stocks stored in the soil per hectare were 155.7 and 14.0 Mg, respectively, while those contained in pear trees were 17.8 and 0.2 Mg･ha-1 based on a tree density of 667 trees/ha. Overall, C and N stocks per hectare stored in the pear orchard were 173.6 and 14.2 Mg, respectively. Compared with results obtained in 2012, the amounts of C stocks have increased by 17.7 Mg･ha-1, while those of N stocks remained virtually unchanged (0.66 Mg･ha-1).
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