Article | 06. 2015 Vol. 33, Issue. 3
Utilization of Wood by-product and Development of Horticultural Growing Media



Division of Environmental Forest Science and Institute of Agriculture & Life Science, Gyeongsang National University1
Department of Horticultural Science, Kyungpook National University2




2015.06. 435:442


PDF XML




The main objective of this work was to identify and evaluate possible substrate alternatives or amendments to peat moss. This study involves the physical and chemical characterization and growth test of wood sawdust and wood fiber in order to evaluate their use as components of horticultural media. The carbohydrate content, C/N ratio, pH, phenolic compound, total porosity and water holding capacity were 58.9%, 425.1, 4.8, 181.8 (mg・g-1), 82.5% and 47.1% in wood sawdust and 41.1%, 240.8, 5.9, 29.8 (mg・g-1), 90.6% and 56.2% in wood fiber, respectively. Wood sawdust (K, 998.0 mg・100g-1; Ca, 1196.0 mg・100g-1; Mg, 105.6 mg・100g-1) and wood fiber (K, 1250.1 mg・100g-1; Ca, 1982.6 mg・100g-1; Mg, 173.1 mg・100g-1) showed adequate mineral elements properties compared to peat moss (K, 0.02 mg・100g-1; Ca, 0.57 mg・100g-1; Mg, 0.13 mg・100g-1) for their use as growing media. The mixtures of the horticultural media were prepared using different substrate as wood sawdust and wood fiber to grow Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris L.) in a greenhouse. The seed germination, leaf area and stem height were 75%, 0.50 cm2 and 2.8 cm in PS substrate (containing 30% peat moss, 10% perlite and 60% wood sawdust) and 95%, 0.65 cm2 and 3.3 cm in PF substrate (containing 30% peat moss, 10% perlite and 60% wood fiber), respectively. The seed germination and stem height of the PF substrate (containing 30% peat moss, 10% perlite and 60% wood fiber) was higher than those in peat moss (control). Utilization of wood by-product can be considered as an alternative media component to substitute the widely using expensive peat moss.



1. Abad, M., P. Noguera, and S. Bures. 2001. National inventory of organic wastes for use as growing media for ornamental potted plant production: case study in Spain. Bioresour. Technol. 77:197-200.  

2. Argo, W.R. 1998. Root medium physical properties. HortTechnology 8:481-485.  

3. Boodley, J.W. 1998. The commercial greenhouse (2nd ed.). Delmar Publ., New York. p.140-142.  

4. Bugbee, J.G. 2002. Growth of ornamental plants in container media amended with biosolids compost. Compost Sci. Util. 10:92-98.  

5. Bunt, A.C., 1988. Media and mixes for container-grown plants (2nd ed.). Unwin Hyman Ltd, London, UK.  

6. Bustamante, M.A., Paredes, C., Moral, R., Agullo, E., Perez-Murcia, M.D., Abad, M. 2008. Composts from distillery wastes as peat substitutes for transplant production. Resour. Conserv. Recycl. 52:792-799.  

7. Byun, H.J., Y.S. Kim, H.M. Kang and I.S. Kim. 2012. Physico- chemical characteristics of used plug media and its effect on growth response of tomato and cucumber seedlings. J. Bio- Environment Cont. 21:207-212.  

8. Choi, J.M. 1995. Changes of physical properties of feather-amended media. J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 36:707-714.   

9. Choi, J.M., J.W. Ahn, J.H. Ku, and Y.B. Lee. 1997. Effect of medium composition on physical properties of soil and seedling growth of red-pepper in plug system. J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 38:618-624.  

10. Choi, J.M., J.H. Chung, and J.S. Choi. 1999. Physical properties of pine bark affected by peeling method and improving moisture retention capacity. J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 40:363-367.  

11. Choi, J.M., C.Y. Shim, and J.S. Choi. 2002. Effect of phosphorus fertilization on changes of nutrient concentrations in rice hull based root media, crop growth, and nutrient contents of chrysanthemum. J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 43:235-238.  

12. Degryse, F., E. Smolders, D.R. Parker. 2009. Partitioning of metals (Cd, Co, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn) in soils: concepts, methodologies, prediction and applications- a review. Eur. J. Soil Sci. 60: 590-612.  

13. Fernandez-Calvino, D., C. Perez-Novo, J.C. Novoa-Munoz, M. Arias-Estevez. 2009. Copper fractionation and release from soils devoted to different crops. J. Hazardous Materials. 167:797-802.  

14. Gabriels, R., O. Verdonck and O. Mekers. 1986. Substrate requirement for pot plants in recirculating water culture. Acta Hortic. 178: 93-99.  

15. Han, S.I., M.H. Cho, K.S. Hwang. 2008. Comparison of phylogenetic characteristics of bacterial populations in a Quercus and pine humus forest soil. Kor. J. Microbiol. 44:237-243.  

16. Holderbauma, D.F., T. Konb and M.P. Guerra. 2014. Dynamics of total phenolic content in different apple tissues and genotypes: impacts and relevance for breeding programs. Sci. Hortic. 168:58-63.  

17. Jeong, S.J., J.S. Oh, W.Y. Seok and M.Y. Cho. 2008. The effect of treatment of woody charred materials on the growth and components of tomato and Chinese cabbage. Kor. J. Organic Agri. 16:455-469.  

18. Karp, K., M. Noormets, M. Starast and T. Paal. 2006. The influence of mulching on nutrition and yield of ‘Northblue’ blueberry. Acta Hortic. 715:301-306.  

19. Kim, H.L., H. D. Kim, J. G. Kim, Y. B. Kwack and Y. H. Choi. 2010. Effect of organic substrates mixture ratio on 2-year-old high bush blueberry growth and soil chemical properties. Kor. J. Soil Sci. Fert. 43:858-863.  

20. Kim, C.H., T.S. Oh, D. G. Shin, Y. K. Cho, Y. W. Kim and S. W. Ann. 2014. Study on the development of horticultural media using recycled used-mushroom-media. J. Environ. Sci. Int. 23:303-312.  

21. Lee, J.S and C. G. Sang. 1991. Studies on the present status of cultivation and utilization of foliage plants. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 32:368-381.  

22. Lee, J.W., B.Y. Lee, K.Y. Kim, and S.H. Kang. 2000. Influence of rice hull ratio and nutrient solution strength on the growth of hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) seedling in expanded rice hull-based substrate. J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 41:31-35.  

23. Lee, H.H., S.G. Ha, G.H. Kim, E.H. Park and J.H. Yu. 2006. Optimum physical condition of coir-based container substrate for growth of Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris L. ssp.) plug seedlings. J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 24:330-337.  

24. Nelson, P.V. 2003. Greenhouse operation and management. 6 ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.  

25. Maher, M., M. Prasad and M. Raviv. 2008. Organic soilless media components, p. 459-504. In: M. Raviv and J.H. Leith (eds.). Soilless culture: Theory and practice. Elsevier, London.  

26. Malik, F.R., S. Ahmed, and Y. M. Rizki. 2001. Utilization of lingo cellulosic waste for the preparation of nitrogenous bio fertilizer. Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 4:1217-1220.  

27. Meiwes, K.J. 1995. Application of lime and wood ash to decrease acidification of forest soils. Water Air Soil Pollut. 85:143-152.  

28. Oh, T.S. and C.H. Kim. 2007 Effect of the mixing ratio of pot media on the germination and early growth in vegetable crops. Kor. J. Organic Agri. 15:319-330.  

29. Olayinka, A. and A. Adebayo. 1985. The effect of methods of application of sawdust on plant growth, plant nutrient uptake and soil chemical properties. Plant and Soil 86:47-56.  

30. Ostos, J.C., R. Lopez-Garrido, J.M. Murillo, R. Lopez. 2008. Substitution of peat for municipal solid waste and sewage sludge based composts in nursery growing media: effects on growth and nutrition of the native shrub Pistacia lentiscus L. Bioresour. Technol. 99:1793-1800.  

31. Park, E.Y., J.M. Choi, C.Y. Shim. 2014. Development of root media containing carbonized and expanded rice hull for container cultivation of horticultural crops. J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 32: 157-164.  

32. Ruiz, E., C. Cara, P. Manzanares, M. Ballesteros, E. Castro. 2008. Evaluation of steam explosion pretreatment for enzymatic hydrolysis of sunflower stalks. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 42:160-166.  

33. Ryu. B.Y. and J.S. Lee. 1996. Property change in Mixed for pot flower made of several organic materials. J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 37:127-135.   

34. Salifu, K.F., M.A. Nicodemus, F.J. Douglas, A.S. Davis. 2006. Evaluating chemical indices of growing media for nursery production of Quercus rubra seedlings. Hortic. Sci. 41:1342-1346.   

35. Shin, B.K., J.E. Son and J.M. Choi. 2012. Physico-chemical properties of peatmoss and coir dust currently used as root medium components for crop production in Korean plant factories. J. Bio-Environ. Control. 21:362-371.  

36. Song, C.Y., J.M. Park, J.M. Choi, C.S. Bang, and J.S. Lee. 1996. Effect of composted rice-hull on physico-chemical properties of growing media and growth of Petunia hybrida J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 37:451-454.  

37. Verdonck, O., R. Penninck and M. De Boodt. 1983. The physical properties of different horticultural substrates. Acta Hortic. 150:155-159.  

38. Voiges, K., R. Adden, M. Rinken and P. Mischnick. Critical re-investigation of the alditol acetate method for analysis of substituent distribution in methyl cellulose. Cellulose 19:993-1004.  

39. Woo, J.H., Y.G. Sim, Y.Y. Han, H.H. Nam, K.B. Choi, and K.W. Kim. 2001. Effect of culture medium and its physico- chemical properties on bulblet growth of Lilium Oriental hybrid. J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 42:465-468.  

40. Wright, R.D., J.F. Browder, and B.J. Jackson. 2006. Ground pine chips as a substrate for container-grown woody nursery crops. J. Environ. Hortic. 24:181-184.