Article | 06. 2015 Vol. 33, Issue. 3
Characteristics of ‘Hongrou Taoye’, a Grafted Chimera in Sweet Orange and Satsuma Mandarin



Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology (Ministry of Education), Huazhong Agricultural University1
School of Forestry and Biotechnology, Zhejiang Agricultural & Forestry University2
Agricultural Bureau of Zigui County, Yichang3




2015.06. 390:395


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The synthesis of chimeras is a breeding approach for horticultural crops. In our breeding program, a new diploid citrus chimera, named ‘Hongrou Taoye’ (Citrus sinensis [L.] Osbeck + Citrus unshiu Marc.), was found arising at the junction where a ‘Taoye’ sweet orange (C. sinensis) scion was grafted onto Satsuma mandarin (C. unshiu). As an artificial chimera, its fruit traits derived from the L1 cell layer, with juice color and carotenoid complement, in which β-cryptoxanthin accumulated predominantly, similar to those of Satsuma mandarin. By contrast, traits originating from the L2/L3 cell layer, including pollen, seed, and rind aroma characteristics, were the same as those of ‘Taoye’ sweet orange (the scion). SSR and cpSSR analyses showed that both nuclear and chloroplast genomes of the chimera were a combination of both donor parents. ‘Hongrou Taoye’ thus combined the valuable traits of both donor plants, and therefore has good potential in citrus fresh market.



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