Article | 02. 2015 Vol. 33, Issue. 1
Effects of Shipping Temperature and Harvesting Stage on Quality and Vase Life of Cut Flowers in Dendranthema grandiflorum ‘Baekma’ for Export



Depratment of Horticultural Science, Mokpo National University1
Institute of Natural Resources, Mokpo National University2




2015.02. 61:69


PDF XML




This study was carried out to investigate the effects of shipping temperature and harvesting stage on the quality and vase life of cut flower in standard chrysanthemum ‘Baekma’ for export. Cut flowers harvested at flowering stage 4 were stored for 24 hours at 5°C, and then quality and vase life were evaluated after simulated shipping for 48 hours at 5, 20, and 35°C. In addition, cut flowers harvested in flowering stage 1 to stage 6 were evaluated after simulated shipping for 72 hours at 5°C. As shipping temperature increased, CO2 concentration inside the box rapidly increased, and O2 concentration greatly decreased. The vase life of cut flowers was extended by 3 days and chlorophyll content of leaves, fresh weight, solution uptake, and flower diameter were better maintained in 5°C shipping than in 20 or 35°C shipping. The vase life of cut flowers harvested at flowering stage 1 or 2 was extended by 5.2 or 5.5 days compared to those harvested at flowering stage 6, more 6. The fresh weight was lower and flower diameter was smaller by 1.3 or 2.5 cm in cut flowers of flowering stages 1 through 3 than flowering stages 4 through 6. In addition, the cut flowers of flowering stages 4 through 6 showed higher solution uptake than those of flowering stages 1 through 3. These results suggest that shipping at 5°C of cut flowers harvested at flowering stage 4 is preferential for promoting vase life and quality of cut flower in standard chrysanthemum ‘Baekma’ for export to Japan.



1. Ahn, G.Y. 1997. Effects of pretreatment, packaging materials and transportation temperature on quality of cut rose ‘Mary de Vor’. J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 38:597-602.  

2. Bang, C.S. 1999. Effect of pretreatments, holding solutions, and shipping condition on quality and vase life of cut roses. MS Thesis, Chungnam National University, Daegeon, Korea.  

3. Çelikel, F.G. and M.S. Reid. 2002. Storage temperature affects the quality of cut flowers from the Asteraceae. HortScience 37:148-150.  

4. Cevallos, J.C. and M.S. Reid. 2000. Effects of temperature on the respiration and vase life of Narcissus flowers. Acta Hort. 517:335-341.  

5. Cevallos, J.C. and M.S. Reid. 2001. Effect of dry and wet storage at different temperatures on the vase life of cut flowers. HortTechnology 11:199-202.  

6. Clark, D.G., J.W. Kelly, and H.B. Pemberton. 1991. Postharvest quality characteristics of cultivars of potted rose in response to holding conditions and cytokinins. HortScience 26:1195-1197.  

7. Cushman, L.C., H.B. Pemberton, and J.W. Kelly. 1994. Cultivar, flower stage, silver thiosulfate, and BA interactions affect performance of potted miniature roses. HortScience 29:805-808.  

8. Cushman, L.C., H.B. Pemberton, J.C. Miller, and J.W. Kelly. 1998. Interactions of flower stage, cultivar, and shipping temperature and duration affect pot rose performance. HortScience 33: 736-740.  

9. Halevy, A.H. and A.M. Kofranek. 1976. The prevention of flower bud and leaf abscission in pot roses during simulated transport. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 101:658-660.  

10. Halevy, A.H., T.G. Byrne, A.M. Kofranek, D.S. Farnham, J.F. Thompson, and R.E. Hardenburg. 1978. Evalution of postharvest handling methods for transcontinental truck shipments of cut carnations, chrysanthemums, and roses. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 103:151-155.   

11. Halevy, A.H. and S. Mayak. 1981. Senescence and postharvest physiology of cut flowers. Hort. Rev. 3:59-143.  

12. Kim, S.J., S.K. Lee, and K.S. Kim. 2012. Current reaserch trend of postharvest technology for chrysanthemum. Korean J. Plant Res. 25:156-168.  

13. Kim, Y.A. and J.S. Lee. 2010. Effect of cycloheximide and holding solution on vase life of cut ‘Blue Magic’ iris flowers according to the flower development and opening stages. Kor. J. Hort. Sci. Technol. 28:790-795.  

14. Kofranek, A.M. and A.H. Halevy. 1980. Chemical pretreatment of chrysanthemums before shipment. Acta Hortic. 113:89-95.  

15. Lee, J.S. and Y.A. Kim. 2001. Effects of harvesting stages and holding solutions on quality and vase life of cut ‘Madelon Rose’ rose flowers. J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 42:743-747.  

16. Lee, J.S., Y.A. Kim, and Y.M. Sin. 1995. Effects of harvesting stage, preservative, and storage method on vase life and flower quality of cut snapdragon. J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 36:926-942.  

17. Lee, J.S., C.Y. Song, H.J. Wang, Y.A. Kim, J.Y. Ko, J.K. Choi, and B.H. Kwack. 1996. Effect of postharvest treatment and preservative solution on flower quality and vase life of cut chrysanthemums. J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 37:136-140.  

18. Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs (MAFRA). 2013. Present condition of flower production 2012. MAFRA, Gwacheon, Korea.  

19. Nell, T.A. 1993. Flowering potted plants: Prolonging shelf performance. Ball Publishing, Batavia, IL.  

20. Nell, T.A. and C.V. Noordegraaf. 1991. Simulated transport, postproduction irradiance influence postproduction performance of potted roses. HortScience 26:1401-1404.  

21. Petridou, M., C. Voyiatzi, and D. Voyiatzis. 2001. Methanol, ethanol, and other compounds retard leaf senescence and improve the vase life and quality of cut chrysanthemum flowers. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 23:79-83.  

22. Rogers, M.N. 1973. An historical and critical review of postharvest physiology research on flowers. HortScience 8:189-194.  

23. Rungruchkanont, K. 2013. The effects of storage temperature on the quality of exported Dendrobium cut-flowers. Acta Hortic. 970:191-196.  

24. Seo, J.N. and B.H. Kwack. 1994. Effects of GA and benzylaminopurine on leaf-yellowing of cut chrysanthemum during storage. J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 35:251-257.   

25. Shin, H.K., J.H. Lim, H.R. Cho, H.K. Lee, M.S. Kim, C.S. Bang, Y.A. Kim, and Y.J. Kim. 2005. A new standard chrysanthemum cultivar, ‘Baekma’ with large white flower. Korean J. Breed. 37:119-120.  

26. Song, C.Y. and J.S. Lee. 1999. Prolonging the vase life of cut chrysanthemums by pretreatments and shipping methods. J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci. 40:591-594.  

27. Staby, G.L., M.S. Cunningham, C.L. Holstead, J.W. Kelly, P.S. Konjoian, B.A. Eisenberg, B.S. Dressler. 1984. Storage of rose and carnation flowers. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 109:193-197.   

28. Wang, Y.T. 2007. Temperature, duration in simulated shipping, and thermal acclimatization on the development of chilling injury and subsequent flowering of Phalaenopsis. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 132:202-207.