Article | 12. 2014 Vol. 32, Issue. 6
Effect of Application of Rice Bran Extract on Quality of Agaricus bisporus during Storage



Department of Food & Nutrition, Duksung Women’s University1




2014.12. 834:844


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Postharvest browning of mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) reduces the shelf life of harvested mushrooms. Here, mushrooms were dipped in various solutions (distilled water; DW, 0.25% rice bran extract; RB, 0.1% ascorbic acid; AA, RB + AA) for 3 min. After air-drying at room temperature, the dipped mushrooms were packaged in a polypropylene (PP) films and stored at 4 or 15°C. The quality changes of mushrooms were measured in terms of color, gas composition, firmness, and sensory evaluation during storage. Rice bran extract was measured for total polyphenol content, total flavonoid content, DPPH, ABTS radical scavenging, chelating activity and PPO inhibition activity. No difference in firmness were found in the mushroom samples regardless of dipping solution or storage temperature. At both 4 and 15°C storage temperatures, RB + AA solution-dipped samples showed the highest L value and lowest delta E value. During the storage period, sensory evaluation showed that overall acceptability of mushrooms treated with RB and RB + AA solution was higher than that of the untreated mushrooms. Total polyphenol and flavonoid contents of 0.25% rice bran extract were 36.42 mg GAE・g-1 and 4.85 mg QE・g-1, respectively. The DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activity of 0.1% ascorbic acid was higher than that of 0.25% rice bran extract. The highest copper (Cu2+) chelating activity was found in the 0.25% rice bran extract. The PPO inhibition activity of 0.1% ascorbic acid was higher than that of 0.25% rice bran extract. Our results suggest that 0.25% rice bran extract with 0.1% ascorbic acid is effective anti-browning agent for maintaining quality of Agaricus bisporus during storage.



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