Department of Food and Nutrition, Duksung Women’s University1
The objective of this study was to evaluate glucosinolate (GSL) profiles and variation of total and individual GSLs concentrations within seedling (0-14 days) and growth stages (0-15 weeks) of Korean Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa L. ssp. pekinensis). Ten GSLs (progoitrin, glucoraphanin, glucoalyssin, gluconapin, glucobrassicanapin, 4-hydroxyglucobrassin, glucobrassicin, 4-methoxyglucobrassicin, neoglucobrassicin and gluconasturtiin) were identified from Korean Chinese cabbage. In general, total GSL content significantly decreased during seedling (from 92.89 to 35.26 μmol･g-1 DW) and growth stages (from 74.11 to 1.97 μmol･g-1 DW). Gluconapin was the highest in seeds and in the germination period (73.1 μmol･g-1 DW) and declined gradually from 73 to 15% during seedling stages. The level of the major aliphatic GSLs, gluconapin and progoitrin, tended to decrease sharply, whereas levels of indolic GSLs (4-methoxyglucobrassicin, glucobrassicin) and aromatic GSLs (gluconasturtiin) were found to increase generally at the beginning of growth stages.
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