Article | 08. 2014 Vol. 32, Issue. 4
Light Conditions and Characteristics of Leaves and Fruit at Different Canopy Positions in Slender-spindle ‘Hongro’ Apple Trees

Jangsu Agricultural Technique Center1
Department of Horticultural Science, Kyungpook National University2
Department of Horticulture, Chonbuk National University3
Institute Agricultural Science & Technology, Chonbuk National University4

2014.08. 440:447


For this analysis, canopies of slender-spindle ‘Hongro’/M9 apple trees were divided into 4 positions: upper, lower, exterior, and interior parts. The photosynthetic rate was highest in the external part of the upper canopy of the tree, where it was 4.5 times higher than in the internal part of the lower canopy. This difference was closely associated with differences in light penetration based on canopy position. Analysis of leaf growth characteristics showed that the leaves situated in the internal part of the canopy were larger and thinner than those in the external part of the canopy. The difference in leaf thickness was mainly due to thickness of the primary layer of palisade tissues (68.5 and 110.3 µm for internal and external leaves, respectively). Fruit weight and quality were closely related to the extent of light penetration. Fruit weight, soluble solid content, and red skin color were higher in the fruits from the external part of the canopy. Thus, fruit maturity was delayed in the internal part of canopy. The fruit skin and wax layer were thicker in fruits from the internal canopy than in those from the external canopy. Therefore, our results indicate a need for improved light penetration in internal parts of the canopy and for split harvesting depending on maturity at different canopy positions.

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