Article | 4. 2014 Vol. 32, Issue. 2
Fruit Quality Characteristics of ‘Fuji’ Apple Fruits in Response to Air Storage after CA Storage

Apple Research Station, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science1
Department of Horticulture Science, Chonbuk National University2
USDA-ARS, Tree Fruit Research Laboratory3
Department of Horticultural Sciences, Kyungpook National University4

2014.4. 178:183


This study aimed to evaluate the fruit quality characteristics and incidence of flesh browning in response to air storage at 0 ± 1°C after controlled atmosphere storage (CA condition: O2 2.5 ± 0.5%, CO2 1.5 ± 0.5%) at 0 ± 1°C in ‘Fuji’ apples (Malus domestica Borkh.). The storage system was performed as followed: air storage for one month, CA storage 4 months + air storage 3 months (CA 4M + Air 3M), CA storage 5 months + air storage 2 months (CA 5M + Air 2M) and CA storage 6 months + air storage 1months (CA 6M + Air 1M), while the control fruits were stored at CA storage for 8 months right after harvest. The incidence of flesh browning ranged from 17.1% to 30.2% during CA storage but not detected under the treatments of CA 4M + Air 3M and CA 5M + Air 2M. The respiration rate was not affected by storage treatments for 6M while the respiration rate was lower in the treatments of CA 4M + Air 3M and CA 5M + Air 2M than the other storage treatments after 7 months. Ethylene production and internal ethylene concentration were lowest in rapid CA storage and increased with a decreasing CA storage duration. Therefore, the results indicate that CA 5M + Air 2M storage treatment should be recommended to maintain the fruit quality and reduce the risk development of flesh browning rather than typical CA storage in ‘Fuji’ apples.

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