Pear Research Station, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration1
Protected Horticulture Research Station, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration2
Department of Horticulture, Chonnam National University3
This study was conducted to elucidate the relationship between light and coloring and to obtain basic results for promoting redness expression in ‘Kalle’ (Pyrus communis L.) pear skin. It was investigated in location of anthocyanin layer by microscopic observation and differences in skin color expression of ‘Kalle’ bagged with paper bag which has different light transmittance rate and inside temperature. However, there was no anthocyanin layer in the brown skin and golden yellow color, anthocyanin layer was distributed in epidermins or hyperdermis of red skin pear and apple. Dark red colored ‘Kalle’ had more anthocyanin content, 29.8 mg･100 g-1 FW than light red colored apple ‘Hongro’. Light transmittance rate of physical characteristics used paper bags was the highest in white paper bag, 42.2% and it also had more light quantity, 8.9 μmol than any other tested paper bags in specific wave length 650-655 nm. The maximum temperature of inner bag was higher about 3°C in yellow paper bag. The red coloration and anthocyanin contents in no bagged fruits were higher than in any other bagged fruit. However, red color expression among the bagged fruits was higher in white paper bag than in double layered black paper bag and yellow paper bag. Also, chromaticity value seemd to be a good index to explain variation of fruit skin color, because anthocyanin content and chromaticity value were higher. Based on these results, it is desirable to cultivate ‘Kalle’ without bag for stable redness expression but bagging is essential for decreasing damage by insect in Korea. Further examination to find suitable time of removing paperbag for redness expression and decreasing insect damage. In addition, it is required to develop paperbag whose transmittance rate is high in specific light wavelength or temperature of inner bags is low.
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